The gay rights movement in the United States has seen huge progress in the last century, and especially the last two decades. Laws prohibiting homosexual activity have been struck down; lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals are now allowed to serve openly in the military transgender individuals were allowed to serve openly from until March , when a new ban was put in place. And same-sex couples can now legally get married and adopt children in all 50 states. But it has been a long and bumpy road for gay rights proponents, who are still advocating for employment, housing and transgender rights.
Sexual orientation and the Canadian military
Sexual orientation and the Canadian military - Wikipedia
By its year anniversary, over 12, officers had been discharged from the military due to their refusal to conceal their sexual identity. The law was not immediately invalidated, however. The repeal went into effect in September Windsor , gay, lesbian, and bisexual service members still did not enjoy the same benefits afforded to heterosexual service members. This was primarily due to the Defense of Marriage Act DOMA , which prevented same-sex couples from accessing federal benefits given to married opposite sex couples. In Windsor , the Supreme Court struck down as unconstitutional the section of DOMA that required the federal government to withhold benefits from service members in same-sex marriages. The Department of Defense announced it would offer spousal and family benefits to those in same-sex marriages on the same terms as it did to those in opposite sex marriages.
Civil Rights Law Protects Gay and Transgender Workers, Supreme Court Rules
The laws criminalising sex between men had remained on the statute books despite the post-apartheid constitution of , which made South Africa one of the first countries in the world to outlaw discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. The BBC's Jane Standley reports from Johannesburg The constitutional court's decision opens the way for gay men to seek compensation from the government if they faced charges during the period when the law and the constitution were at odds. South African gay rights groups have welcomed the ruling. The National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian Equality said it could open up adoption, marriage and other rights for homosexuals.
Under the new policy, gay, lesbian and bisexual Americans could serve their country, as long as they kept their sexual identity under wraps. Meanwhile, the military continued to discharge thousands of gays and lesbians from service. Though the U.