According to the Lutheran World Federation, there are approximately 74 million Lutherans in 98 countries worldwide. The origins of the Lutheran denomination trace back to the 16th century and the reforms of Martin Luther , a German friar in the Augustinian order and professor who has been called the "Father of the Reformation. Luther began his protest in over the Roman Catholic Church 's use of indulgences but later clashed with the Pope over the doctrine of justification by faith alone. Initially, Luther wanted to debate Catholic authorities over reform, but their differences were irreconcilable. Eventually, the reformers broke away and started a separate church.
Same-Sex Marriage and Logical Fallacies
Iowa Supreme Court legalizes gay marriage
Nineteen ninety-eight was a watershed year in the battle for gay rights in America -- in a bad way. Bill Clinton had in nominated James C. Hormel as ambassador to Luxembourg. But his nomination as the first openly gay U. Hormel, born during the early s, had been a dean at the University of Chicago Law School and also a leader in creating gay institutions in his home town of San Francisco. In , he endowed the Gay and Lesbian Center at the San Francisco Public Library , which would go on to bear his name when it opened. His nomination snagged on the Republican leadership in Congress, then busily seeking President Clinton's impeachment over his affair with Monica Lewinsky.
Supreme Court Ruling Makes Same-Sex Marriage a Right Nationwide
Even as some well-known anti-gay groups like Focus on the Family moderate their views, a hard core of smaller groups, most of them religiously motivated, have continued to pump out demonizing propaganda aimed at homosexuals and other sexual minorities. Of the 18 groups profiled below, the Southern Poverty Law Center SPLC will be listing 13 next year as hate groups, reflecting further research into their views; those are each marked with an asterisk. Viewing homosexuality as unbiblical does not qualify organizations for listing as hate groups. Abiding Truth Ministries serves mainly as a launching pad for an international anti-gay campaign. Its founder, Scott Lively, is also responsible for a book, widely cited by gay-bashers, accusing homosexuals of running the Nazi Party.
From the earliest days of the Christian faith , Christians have honored holy matrimony as Christian marriages are referred to as a divinely blessed, lifelong, monogamous union, between a man and a woman. According to the Episcopal Book of Common Prayer , reflecting the traditional view, "Christian marriage is a solemn and public covenant between a man and a woman in the presence of God,"  "intended by God for their mutual joy; for the help and comfort given one another in prosperity and adversity; and, when it is God's will, for the procreation of children and their nurture. Many Protestants consider marriage to be a sacred institution or "holy ordinance" of God.